Hypothyroidism is a condition that affects the thyroid gland. It is a small butterfly-shaped gland and is located in the front of the neck. Triiodothyronine and thyroxine hormones are released by the thyroid gland, which helps the body in regulating growth, metabolism, and cellular development.
When there is impairment in thyroid glands, the above-mentioned hormones are failed to have enough production needed in regulating the body. People start to develop hypothyroidism symptoms, once this happens.
People suffering from fibromyalgia may have hypothyroidism as well, especially if they are experiencing some symptoms from the condition. There are a lot of people who experience hypothyroidism while having fibromyalgia.
It is hard for people to know which of these conditions they are suffering from since there are similar symptoms of both of these conditions. Sometimes people have symptoms of both of the diseases because they are suffering from both of the conditions.
As we have talked about earlier that hypothyroidism is a condition that affects the thyroid gland. Around 20 million people in the US are affected by it. Hypothyroidism can be developed in both men and women.
There are more chances of women developing hypothyroidism after the age of 40 as compared to older men at the same age. 17% of women are found to be affected by it. There are some other factors like genetics, diabetes, radiation therapy, and thyroid surgery that can increase the risk of developing it.
An underactive thyroid gland occurs in hypothyroidism. An autoimmune disease, thyroid surgery, pituitary disorders, and radiation therapy can cause this disease. We can say that these conditions cause hypothyroidism. The symptoms correlate with the symptoms of fibromyalgia. There are some similarities between them like both can have depression, widespread pain, muscle stiffness, and sleep disturbances.
There are 15% of people having hypothyroidism who also suffer from fibromyalgia, while people who are having fibromyalgia have thyroid gland with low functioning. Researchers think that hypothyroidism and fibromyalgia have the same cause. Fibromyalgia and hypothyroidism are linked to certain things that include infections, illnesses, chemical exposures, and nervous system disorders.
Both of these conditions have a lot to do with each other due to the thyroid gland. In 1997, the relationship between fibromyalgia and the thyroid’s intrinsic functions was mentioned in the first report of Dr. John Lowe, a progenitor of fibromyalgia research.
Dr. John Lowe’s findings were portrayed in the report published in the Clinical Bulletin of Myofascial Therapy that showed the existence of a clear relationship between fibromyalgia and thyroid function in some form. Due to that, he believed that the dysfunctioning of thyroids and some form of hypometabolism provided some explanation behind this disorder.
Thyroid tests were conducted on patients with fibromyalgia by Dr. John in order to find the results. People who were found with high levels of the thyroid-stimulating hormone weren’t tested further. People who were found to have normal levels of the thyroid-stimulating hormone were tested with a thyrotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test.
- Some sort of primary Hypothyroidism is found in at least 10.5% people with fibromyalgia.
- Normal thyroid state was found in at least 36.8 % of people who were tested.
- TRH which is similar than central hypothyroidism was found in at least 52.6% people.
Overall results showed that almost 64% of fibromyalgia patients have some deficiencies related to thyroid hormones. In simple words, hypothyroidism is found more in people having fibromyalgia than it is found in the general population. Interestingly, suggestions were given by Dr. John for treating fibromyalgia with thyroid hormone.
He suggested that T3 thyroid hormone can be used in treating fibromyalgia. “Thyroid replacement” medications such as levothyroxine sodium and Thyroxine Complex were also prescribed by other doctors. Moreover, other fibromyalgia treatment alternatives such as magnesium and vitamin C, and grape seed extract were also used.
It is important to see how both these conditions link together after seeing the evidence of some relationship between them.
They play a role to determine the sensitivity of hormones.
They play a role to affect how people sleep.
It is thought that an increase in pain sensitivity that is caused by neurochemical imbalances in the brain and spine causes fibromyalgia. There is some basis of the link between the two conditions. Maybe the working of thyroid hormones causes some link between the two conditions. It is believed that changes in the brain and spine’s neurochemicals cause this since thyroid hormones set the sensitivity of body thresholds to other hormones.
The serotonin level in the brain is also affected by thyroid hormones. Since Fibromyalgia affects serotonin levels in the brain. Regular sleep cycles are also maintained by the thyroid hormones. So, researchers also examine that the development of fibromyalgia might be done with sleep regulations.
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